Terms of Musical Expression

The links below provide more terms, including Italian, French and German, all needed to pass the theory exams.

Alphabetised by 'Musical Term'

English
Symbol
Musical Term
Language
but
aber
German
go straight on to the next section of music
attacca
Italian
expression
ausdruck
German
with movement, agitated
bewegt
German
broad, expansive
breit
German
sad, mournful
dolente
Italian
grief (doloroso: sorrowful)
dolore
Italian
twice as fast
doppio movimento
Italian
a, one
ein
German
simple
einfach
German
as soft as possible, lifeless
estinto
Italian
somewhat, rather
etwas
German
cheerful, joyful
fröhlich
German
always
immer
German
getting quicker
incalzando
Italian
sad
lacrimoso
Italian
slow
langsam
German
lively
lebhaft
German
at the normal pitch (used often to cancel an 8va direction)
loco
Italian
long (lunga pausa: long pause)
lunga
Italian
coaxing, in a sweet and persuasive style
lusingando
Italian
measure (all misura: in strict time; senza misura: in free time)
misura
Italian
with
mit
German
at a moderate speed
mässig
German
not
nicht
German
without
ohne
German
or, alternatively
ossia
Italian
pleasant
piacevole
Italian
plaintive, in the style of a lament
piangevole
Italian
rather little
pochettino, poch.
Italian
reinforcing
rinforzando, rf, rfz
Italian
peaceful
ruhig
German
fast
schnell
German
go straight on
segue
Italian
very
sehr
German
dying away in tone and speed
smorzando, smorz.
Italian
sweet
süss
German
tenderly, tenderness
teneramente, tenerezza
Italian
swift, rapid (but often used in the same sense as troppo)
tosto
Italian
sad
traurig
German
and
und
German
flying fast
volante
Italian
full
voll
German
little
wenig
German
again
wieder
German
tender, delicate
zart
German
to, too
zu
German